- ca. 1934 (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
Name of creator
Emily Caroline Watson was born in Manchester in 1899, she moved to Australia in the 1920s and became involved in the theatre, first in Brisbane and then in Sydney. During this time, she used her mother's maiden name and was known as Carrie Tennant. In 1929, Caroline married Francis Kelly and took his surname. She founded the Community Playhouse, the first theatre in New South Wales devoted to producing Australian drama, in 1929, followed by the Play Society in 1931. She edited The Community Magazine: Official Magazine of the Community Play-house from 1930 to 1931. In the 1930s she enrolled in a Diploma in Anthropology at the University of Sydney and went on to conduct anthropological fieldwork in Aboriginal communities at Fraser Island and Cherbourg in Queensland and at Burnt Bridge in New South Wales. During the Second World War she began a major survey of non-British settlement in Australia for the Commonwealth Government, a project that continued until the late 1940s. Towards the end of her working life, she served as a consulting anthropologist to the State Planning Authority of New South Wales. Caroline Kelly died on 1 September 1989 in Kyogle.
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Anthropological field notes and reports.
Content advice: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are warned that this resource contains mention of secret/sacred ceremonial practice. It also may contain images, transcripts or names of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples now deceased. It may also contain historically and culturally sensitive words, terms, and descriptions.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
System of arrangement
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
Conditions governing reproduction
Language of material
- Australian Language
Script of material
Language and script notes
Contains some words in Bidjara / Bidyara language.
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
Allied materials area
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related units of description
Title transcribed from original folder.
Box 7 Folder 17
Subject access points
- Bidjara / Bidyara people E37
- Bidjara / Bidyara language E37
- Indigenous knowledge
- Geography -- Territories and boundaries
- Social organisation -- Kinship -- Kinship terms
- Social organisation -- Kinship -- Marriage
- Social organisation -- Kinship -- Generational systems
- Language -- Vocabulary
- Carnarvon Gorge (SW Qld SG55-07)
- Philosophy, Aboriginal Australian
- Bidjara language
Place access points
Name access points
- Holt, Albert (Contributor)
Genre access points
Description control area
Rules and/or conventions used
Level of detail
Dates of creation revision deletion
Revised, MSB, 10-Jul-2023
Converted from PDF finding aid, AM, 19-May-2020.