File File 17 - Bijera

Identity area

Reference code

UQFL489-Series E-File 17




  • ca. 1934 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

1 folder.

Context area

Name of creator


Biographical history

Emily Caroline Watson was born in Manchester in 1899, she moved to Australia in the 1920s and became involved in the theatre, first in Brisbane and then in Sydney. During this time, she used her mother's maiden name and was known as Carrie Tennant. In 1929, Caroline married Francis Kelly and took his surname. She founded the Community Playhouse, the first theatre in New South Wales devoted to producing Australian drama, in 1929, followed by the Play Society in 1931. She edited The Community Magazine: Official Magazine of the Community Play-house from 1930 to 1931. In the 1930s she enrolled in a Diploma in Anthropology at the University of Sydney and went on to conduct anthropological fieldwork in Aboriginal communities at Fraser Island and Cherbourg in Queensland and at Burnt Bridge in New South Wales. During the Second World War she began a major survey of non-British settlement in Australia for the Commonwealth Government, a project that continued until the late 1940s. Towards the end of her working life, she served as a consulting anthropologist to the State Planning Authority of New South Wales. Caroline Kelly died on 1 September 1989 in Kyogle.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Anthropological field notes and reports.

Content advice: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are warned that this resource contains mention of secret/sacred ceremonial practice. It also may contain images, transcripts or names of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples now deceased. It may also contain historically and culturally sensitive words, terms, and descriptions.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Unrestricted access.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copyright applies.

Language of material

  • Australian Language
  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes

Contains some words in Bidjara / Bidyara language.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title transcribed from original folder.


Box 7 Folder 17

Alternative identifier(s)

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Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Revised, MSB, 10-Jul-2023
Converted from PDF finding aid, AM, 19-May-2020.




Accession area