Murphy, John J. (John Joseph), 1914-1997

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Authorized form of name

Murphy, John J. (John Joseph), 1914-1997

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Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

  • Murphy, John Joseph, 1914-

Other form(s) of name

  • Murphy, John Joseph, 1914-1997
  • Murphy, John J., 1914-
  • Murphy, Mangrove

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Captain John Joseph 'Mangrove' Murphy, patrol officer, prisoner of war and amateur linguist, was born in Queensland in 1914. He was educated at Christian Brothers' College, Maryborough, St Joseph's College, Nudgee and the University of Queensland (although he did not take a degree). He moved to New Guinea in ca.1936 and became a patrol officer, compiling a dictionary of Pidgin English which was published in 1942. He joined the Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit and the Allied Intelligence Bureau during the Second World War and was captured in 1943. He was the only Australian among the seven survivors of the Rabaul prisoner of war camp and was tried at court-martial for treason thanks to suspected collaboration with the Japanese: he was honourably acquitted of all charges. Murphy worked as a colonial administrator after the war in the Western and Gulf districts of PNG and returned to Australia in 1969.


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Authority record identifier

AU NLA 35369577; US DLC 79099376

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Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Revised, FF, 18-Jun-2020




Maintenance notes

Revised with authorized form of name, standardized form of name according to other rules, other forms of name, updated history, authority record identifiers and sources, FF, 18-Jun-2020.

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